“There should be literacy in every house, only then will the development of the country happen.” The biggest strength of any developed or developing country is the youth and children of that country. Therefore, RTE Act i.e. Right to Education Act was brought for the development of education in India. Under the RTE Act, children up to the age of 6-14 years have a legal right to free and compulsory education. But there will be very few people who will get ‘Right to Education Act 2009’ (RTE Act 2009) will have detailed information.
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In the true sense, children are the biggest force of the country’s economy because it is the children who grow up to become youth and take the country forward through their knowledge. If he is deprived of education in his childhood or is not able to earn the right education, then you can imagine what will be the future of that country. In view of the declining literacy rate in India and in order to improve it and all children can get education, the Right to Education Act 2009 has been passed by the Government of India.
You all know that since ancient times our India has been the world guru. Zero was discovered by the great mathematician Aryabhata of our own country. India has been the birth giver of world renowned educational institutions like Taxila and Nalanda. But foreign invaders burnt our libraries, destroyed Gurukuls. As a result, the standard of our education fell and continued to fall even after independence.
today we RTE 2009 Through the post, we will provide you complete information about RTE Kya Hai (What is Right to Education Act in Hindi), RTE Ka Full Form, when the Right to Education Act came into force and Right to Education in Hindi.
What is the RTE Act
Article 21A of the Indian Constitution is called ‘Right to Education (RTE Act)’. According to this Act, children up to the age of 6-14 years have a legal right to free and compulsory education. The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education ie RTE Adhiniyam 2009 is a provision implemented by the Government of India under the ‘Right to Culture and Education’, one of the 6 fundamental rights provided to the citizens. In simple words, Right To Education Act is Indian Kanoon, which came into effect from 1st April 2010.
RTE Full Form
RTE Ka Full Form – Right To Education Act (Right Of Children To Free And Compulsory Education Act). RTE Full Form in Hindi – “Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009Also known as “
Now you know what is the meaning of RTE Act and what is RTE Act Full Form, let us now tell you when the Right to Education Act 2009 came into force in India.
RTE Act Kab Lagu Hua
Right to Education Act by Indian Parliament 4 August 2009 was passed and 1 April 2010 It became effective in the whole of India.
History of the Act
In December 2002, under the 86th Amendment Bill through Article 21(a) of Part-3, the right to free, regular and compulsory education to all children of 6 to 14 years was considered as a fundamental right.
Right to Education in India
The Indian Constitution is the most flexible and comprehensive constitution in the world. After the implementation of Right to Education Act, India has also joined the list of those 135 countries. Where there is a provision of compulsory and free education for the children.
Objectives of RTE Act 2009
The aims and objectives of the Right to Education Act 2009 are as follows:
Under the Provisions of RTE Act 2009, free education will be provided to all children in the age group of 6-14 years. Private schools will have to provide free education to 25% of poor children in the age group of 6-14 years and failing to do so may result in fine up to 10 times the fees collected and cancellation of recognition of the school.
- There is a provision of fine of one lakh rupees for running the school even after cancellation of recognition and ten thousand rupees daily thereafter.
- The special feature of the Right to Education Act 2009 is that the age of free education for children with disabilities has been increased from 14 to 18 years.
- The responsibility of providing free education to the children will rest with the Center and the states.
- Many schools charge per capita fee at the time of admission and the parents of the children are also required to appear for the interview. Under this act, this process of admission has also been said to be changed.
- According to this act, a fine of Rs 25,000 will be charged for screening children and interviewing parents and Rs 50,000 for repeat.
- According to the RTE Act, teachers cannot take tuitions.
- Children who have not been admitted by this act, they can get admission according to their age group.
- By this act, standards and differences have been made for the ratio between students and teachers, school buildings, working hours of teachers and school working days etc.
- The RTE Act prevents physical and mental harassment of students.
Child accessible and child centered education system has been started by the Right to Education Act.
- This act is designed to promote the all round development, knowledge, abilities and talents of the child and to free the child from fear, trauma and anxiety.
Right to Education Act 2009 Role and Responsibilities of Teachers
The Right to Education Act 2009 also provides for the role of the teacher:
- According to this provision, it has been ensured that instead of the average number of teachers in each state, district or block, there is a fixed ratio between the number of students and teachers.
- This provision ensures the posting of an equal number of teachers in both urban and rural areas.
- This provision prohibits the deployment of teachers in non-academic work, as well as ensures the role of teachers in census, assembly and Lok Sabha elections, disaster management etc.
- The RTE Act ensures the appointment of properly trained and qualified teachers.
Criticism of Right to Education
Some of the major criticisms or shortcomings of the Right to Education Act are written below:
- Uniform education is more important than free and compulsory education. The government should have announced that every child in the country would go to the same school and the same curriculum would be taught in all schools.
- Nothing has been mentioned in this bill about the 17 crore children up to the age of six.
- There is no mention of budget provision for free education in the RTE Bill.
- Admission without any document has been mentioned by this act. But in some states the already existing rules are being followed. In which admission is received only after submitting documents such as BPL card, birth certificate, caste certificate etc. Due to these rules many orphan children are deprived of education.
- The act violates the constitutional right of private managers to “run their institutions without any government interference”.
RTE Act 2009 Teachers Qualification
Teachers Eligibility Test (TET) examination is organized for teachers under the RTE Act, for which the minimum qualification is shown below:
Primary Stage Class 1-5
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.Ed.
Graduation and D.El.Ed.
Elementary Stage Class 6-8
Graduation and D.El.Ed.
Graduation with minimum 50% marks and B.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and BA Ed. / B.Sc. Ed.
Right To Education Act Amendment
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act 2019 was passed in the Indian Parliament on 3 January 2019. Some of the key points of amendment in RTE Act 2019 are shown below:
- This new bill has been amended to end the policy of no detention in schools, according to the current provision, no student can be failed till 8th standard.
- If a child fails in class 5th or 8th, then according to this new bill, that child will be given an opportunity to re-appear within two months.
- Special education will be arranged for two months for the better performance of the failed children.
- If the child is not able to pass the re-examination then that child may be disqualified.
RTE Act 2009 – FAQs
- How many chapters are there in RTE Act 2009?
A total of 7 chapters and 38 sections have been added in the Right to Education Act 2009 (RTE Act 2009) and the following sections are included in each chapter.
- Under the RTE Act, children of how many years have the right to free and compulsory education?
Under this act, free education will be provided to the children of 6 to 14 years. And every private school will have to provide free education to 25% of the poor children in the age group of 6 to 14 years.
- What is Article 21A?
Under this article, every State shall make provision for free and compulsory education for all children of the age of 6 to 14 years.
- When did the RTE Act 2009 came into force in the state of Jammu and Kashmir?
The provisions of this Act were implemented in Jammu and Kashmir on 31 October 2019.
Today we have provided you almost all the information related to RTE Act in Hindi. If you want to get admission of a child under RTE Act, then you can get admission in any school. RTE Act In CBSE Schools, State Board School etc. provides the legal right to get education in all boards. Apart from this, if you are preparing for any competitive exam, then RTE in Hindi information like- RTE Kab Lagu Hua Tha and what is its purpose is very important for you.
If you have any question related to RTE Act then you can ask us in comment. We will surely answer your questions. Friends, if you have liked this post of ours, then do like it and share it with your friends and inform them about the RTC Act.