Who does not know Mahatma Gandhi, who taught the lesson of non-violence to the world, his impression is not only on Indian currency notes but also in the hearts of all of us. Even whenever a freedom fighter is remembered, the name of Mahatma Gandhi comes first. Since childhood, we have been reading about the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi in school and even in schools or colleges. Mahatma Gandhi Essay In Hindi is often given.

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We all should know about Gandhi ji, who he was, when Gandhi ji was born and what were the movements run by him. Because knowing about them is very important from the point of view of general knowledge, any school or competitive examination. Therefore, in this article, through Mahatma Gandhi Essay, information about his life introduction and important movements etc. has been provided to you (Mahatma Gandhi In Hindi).

mahatma gandhi essay in hindi

Mahatma Gandhi Essay In Hindi

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi – Essay On Mahatma Gandhi (300 Words)

About Mahatma Gandhi – The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2 October 1869 at a place named Porbandar located in Kathiawar district of Gujarat state. He had an important role in making the country independent, due to which he is also known as the Father of the Nation. Every year on 2 October, the whole of India celebrates the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai. Mohandas was the last child of his father’s fourth wife. His father was a fan of a small princely state of Kathiawar during the British Raj and his mother was a religious woman. Gandhiji was greatly influenced by his mother’s values.

Gandhi’s marriage

Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturba in 1883 at the age of 13 and Mahatma Gandhi had 4 sons named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Kasturba Gandhi supported Gandhi in every movement.

Gandhi’s education

Gandhiji did his early studies from Porbandar. At the age of 11, he enrolled at Alfred High School in Rajkot and did his matriculation from there. After this he studied at Samaldas Arts College and went back to Porbandar. In the last, Mahatma Gandhi Ji completed his studies of law at the University of England, UCL Faculty of Law and returned to India.

Mahatma Gandhi used to call education “The Beautiful Tree”, because he believed that education is subordinate to society, not to the government. It was the wish of Gandhiji that every citizen of the world should be educated.

death of mahatma gandhi

Gandhiji was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948 at Birla Bhawan in Delhi, after which Birla Bhavan came to be known as Gandhi Smriti. Every year on 30 January, tribute is paid to Bapu ji at Rajghat in Delhi, hence it is also celebrated as Martyrs Day.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (500 Words)

Introduction to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi ji was a person who dedicated his whole life for the service of the country. Mahatma Gandhi was a priest of truth and non-violence, so he is also addressed by the names of Father of the Nation and Bapu etc. His birthday is celebrated every year on 2nd October as Gandhi Jayanti. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai. When Gandhi was in school at the age of 13, he was married off to Kasturba Devi, the daughter of a merchant from Porbandar.

Movements by Mahatma Gandhi

Many movements were made by Gandhiji to free India from the slavery of the British, which are still remembered by the people. When Mahatma Gandhi saw that the dictatorship of the British in India was increasing day by day, he started many movements against them such as, Champaran Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha, Dalit Satyagraha, Quit India Movement. Let us know about some movement through this Mahatma Gandhi Per Nibandh.


Champaran Satyagraha (1917)

On 19 April 1917, a movement like Champaran Satyagraha was started to help the farmers in Champaran district of Bihar. This movement lasted for about a year. The farmers of Champaran district used to be very upset because they were being forced to cultivate indigo. The farmers were forced by the British merchants to cultivate indigo on 3/20 of the land and that is why they were not able to cultivate.

In 1916, Champaran farmers Rajkumar Shukla and Sant Raut went to Lucknow and told Gandhiji about the atrocities being committed on the farmers, after which Gandhiji reached Champaran and did this movement for about 1 year in favor of the farmers, after which Nil The traders agreed to pay 25 percent of the farmers’ money.

Kheda Satyagraha (1918)

After the Champaran Satyagraha, a peasant movement was carried out in Kheda district also in 1918 AD. The hard work that the farmers had produced throughout the year was destroyed due to floods and droughts, due to which the condition of the farmers became very bad. The farmers were repeatedly asking to waive the tax, but this was not being forgiven by the British and due to this the farmers were also taken prisoner.

Gradually, the farmers’ livestock and their crops were taken away from them and seeing that no one came forward to help the farmers, after which Mahatma Gandhi decided to help the farmers. The farmers became aware of their demand and started Kheda Satyagraha. After this, the British waived the tax of the farmers and released all the prisoners.

Ahmedabad Mill Mazdoor Movement (1918)

The Ahmedabad Mill Mazdoor Andolan was started on 15 March 1918, the main objective of which was to withdraw the increased ‘plague bonus’ by the mill owners. Mill workers were given plague bonus in 1917 due to the outbreak of plague disease in Ahmedabad, but in 1918 the mill owners announced to abolish this bonus.

The mill workers wanted to retain this bonus as the bonus amount was much less than the increased inflation. Seeing this, the mill workers started opposing it. As soon as Gandhi ji came to know about this, he asked the workers to demand 35% bonus, even in this movement Gandhi ji even went on a hunger strike. After some time this matter was handed over to a tribunal and after seeing everything, it was announced to give 35% bonus to the mill workers.

Khilafat Movement (1919)

The Khilafat movement was launched in 1919, as a number of outrageous allegations were being leveled against the Caliphate and the Ottoman Empire. The main objective of the Khilafat movement was to pressurize the British to establish the post of Caliphate of Turkey. In India it was led by the All India Muslim Congress. Muslims started fearing about the safety of their caliph and they started this movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

In 1919, Gandhi ji contacted the Muslim community and helped them in starting this movement. As soon as this movement became successful, Mahatma Gandhi was made a national leader in no time.

Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)

After the ‘Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’, Gandhi felt that the British were now succeeding in establishing their dominance over Indians, after which Gandhiji decided to start the Non-Cooperation Movement on 1 August 1920.

During this movement, students stopped going to school, college, lawyers were refused to come to the court. Gradually, the effect of this movement was visible from cities to villages. During the agitation, a group of farmers set a police station on fire at Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh) district, after which Gandhiji withdrew the movement in view of this violence.

Quit India Movement (1942)

Mahatma Gandhi started the Quit India Movement against the British in August 1942. This movement played an important role in the independence of India. Under this movement, Gandhiji also gave the slogan “Do or Die”, due to which the people of India became angry towards the British and after that the British Government decided to free India.


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Mahatma Gandhi (FAQ)

1. When is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi celebrated?

Answer- Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated every year on 2 October across the world.

2. When was Gandhiji born?

Answer- Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at a place named Porbandar located in Kathiawar district of Gujarat state.

3. What is the full name of Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer- The full name of Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

4. Who killed Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer- Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi at Birla Bhawan in Delhi on 30 January 1948.