If you want to know about ip address then this post is for you because here we will know about all the information related to ip address, what is ip address, how many types are there etc. So this post can be helpful for you.
What is IP Address
IP address i.e. Internet Protocol Address is the address of your network hardware. It helps to connect your computer to other devices on your network and all over the world. An IP address is made up of numbers or characters. An example of an IP address would be – 507.453.11.613
All devices connected to an Internet connection have a unique IP address, which means that billions of IP addresses are required. This requirement is met by the new IP version IPv6.
How IP Address Works – How IP Address Works in Hindi
Internet Protocol communication works just like any other language by using set guidelines for transmitting information.
Different types of devices exchange information with other Internet connected devices using Internet Protocol addresses, that is to say, any computer at any location, is able to communicate with another computer. The use of IP addresses usually takes place behind the scenes. This process works like this →
Step 1 → Your device connects to the Internet indirectly by first connecting to a network connected to the Internet. which then gives your device access to the internet
Step 2 → When you’re at home, that network will probably be your Internet service provider (ISP). This will be your company’s network when you are in the office or at work
Step 3 → Your IP address is assigned to your device by your Internet service provider
Step 4 → Your internet activity goes through the ISP and they trace it back to you using your IP address. Since they are giving you access to the internet it is their role to assign an IP address to your device
Step 5 → However, your IP address may change for example by turning your modem or router on or off, or you can contact your ISP and they can change it for you.
Step 6 → When you’re out and about, for example traveling – and you take your device with you. So your home IP address doesn’t belong with you
This is because you will be using another network (Wi-Fi at hotel, airport or coffee shop etc.) to access the internet and will be using a different IP address. This IP address can change
What is IPv4
IPv4 is an IP variant widely used to identify devices on a network using an addressing system. This was the first version of IP deployed to production in ARPANET in 1983.
It uses a 32-bit address scheme to store 2^32 addresses which is over 4 billion addresses. It is considered the primary Internet protocol and carries 94% of Internet traffic.
What is IPv6
IPv6 is the latest version of the Internet Protocol. This new IP address, version is being used to meet the need for more Internet addresses. It aims to solve IPv4 related issues
With a 128-bit address space, it allows up to 340 Undecilion Unique Address Spaces. IPv6 is also called IPng (Internet protocol next generation)
It was started in early 1994 by the Internet Engineers Taskforce. The design and development of that suite is now called IPv6
Types of IP Address
There are some types of IP addresses such as Private IP address, Public IP address, Static IP address and Dynamic IP address, let’s talk about these different types of IP address one by one.
- Private IP address
- Public IP address
- static IP address
- Dynamic IP address
- Website IP Address
Private IP address
A private IP address is the address of your device connected to a home or business network. If you have a few different devices connected to an ISP (Internet Service Provider). So all your devices will have a private IP address. This IP address cannot be accessed from devices outside your home or business network
For example → 192.168.1.1
Private IP addresses are not unique because there are a limited number of devices on your network. You can find out your device’s private IP address using a few techniques
If you are a Windows user, simply go to the command prompt and enter the command ipconfig. If you are a MAC user, you need to enter ifconfig command in your terminal app
If you are using internet on mobile phone. So you can go to your WiFi settings to find out the IP address. iOS users can find the IP address by clicking the ‘i’ button next to the network they are connected to. Android users can click on the network name in their WiFi settings and it will show the IP address
Public IP address
Your public IP address is the main IP address to which your home or business network is connected. This IP address connects you to the world and is unique to all users
To find out your Public IP address just go to SupportAlly site in your browser and you will get this Public IP and other browser information
Static and Dynamic IP Address
All private and public IP addresses can be static or dynamic. The IP addresses that you manually configure and fix in your device’s network are called Static IP Addresses. Static IP Addresses Can’t Change Automatically
Dynamic IP Address is automatically configured and assigned an IP to your network when you set up the router with Internet
This distribution of IP addresses is managed by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). DHCP can be your Internet router that assigns an IP address to your network in your home or business environment.
Website IP Address
There are two types of website IP address. For website owners who do not host their own servers and instead rely on a web hosting package. There are two types of website IP addresses – Shared IP Address and Dedicated IP Address.
Shared IP Address
Websites that rely on shared hosting plans from web hosting providers will usually be one of several websites hosted on the same server. This happens in the case of individual websites or SME website’s. Where the amount of traffic is manageable and the sites are limited in terms of number of pages etc. Websites hosted in this way will have Shared IP Addresses
Dedicated IP address
Some web hosting plans have an option to purchase a dedicated IP address. This can make it easier to obtain an SSL certificate and allows you to run your own file transfer protocol (FTP) server.
This makes it easy to share and transfer files with multiple people within an organization and allows anonymous FTP sharing options. A dedicated IP address allows you to access your website using the IP address alone instead of the domain name.
Purpose of IP address
The purpose of an IP address is to handle connections between devices that send and receive information over a network. IP address uniquely identifies each device on the Internet
IP addresses allow computing devices (such as PCs and tablets) to communicate with websites and streaming services destinations and they tell websites who is connecting.
An IP address also serves as a return address on postal mail. When the letter you sent is delivered to the wrong address, you get the letter back if the return address is included on the envelope
The same is true for email. When you write to an invalid recipient (such as someone who quit their job and no longer has a company email address), your IP address lets the company’s mail server send you a bounce message back so you know that Your email was not sent to the correct location
IP address threats
Cybercriminals can use various techniques to obtain your IP address. Social Engineering and Online Stalking are the two most common methods
Attackers can use social engineering to trick you into revealing your IP address. For example – they can find you through Skype or similar instant messaging application which uses IP address for communication
If you chat with strangers using these apps it is important to note that they can see your IP address. Attackers can use skype resolver tool. where they can find your ip address by your username
Criminals can only track your IP address by stalking your online activity. Any number of online activities can reveal your IP address, from playing video games to commenting on websites and forums
Once they have your IP address. So attackers can visit an IP address tracking website. like whatismyipaddress.com and then can guess your location
They can then cross-reference other open-source data. If they want to verify whether the IP address is specifically associated with you. They can then use linkedin, facebook or other social networks that show where you live.
If cybercriminals know your IP address then they can launch attacks against you. It is important to be aware of the risks and how to reduce them. Risks include –
Downloading Illegal Content Using Your IP Address
Hackers are known to use hacked IP addresses to download illegal content. For example – by using your IP address identification, criminals can download pirated movies, music and videos
tracking your location
Hackers can use geolocation technology to identify your region, city and state if they know your IP address
How to protect and hide your IP address
Hiding your IP address is one way to protect your personal information and identity online. You can use Proxy server to hide your IP address
use proxy server
Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) → A proxy server through which your traffic is routed. The internet servers you visit only see the IP address of that proxy server, not yours.
When those servers send the information back to you. So it goes to the proxy server which then sends it to you. One drawback of proxy server is that some services can spy on you so you need to trust it. Depending on which proxy server you use, they may also place ads in your browser
VPN Provides a Better Solution → When you connect your computer or smartphone or tablet to a VPN, the device acts as if it were on the same local network as the VPN
All your network traffic is sent over a secure VPN connection. Because your computer behaves as if it is on the network. You can securely access local network resources even if you are in another country
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